CICAT2025 publishes research results in scientific publications as well as in other formats during the project.

Customer-perceived value in the circular economy: A multidimensional framework

 The aim of our research was to find out, how the circular economy redefines business customers' perceptions of value and how well supplier companies understand these perceptions. We conducted a......

Domination of Managerial and Technical Frames—How the Circular Economy Is Reported in Finnish Business

 We studied circular economy reporting in the Finnish companies. We used the sustainability reports of the large companies (32 companies) as data source. We noticed three points. First, the CE......

Project-based practices for promoting a sustainability transition in a city organization and its urban context

 We studied a project that was working on urban circular economy to initiate sustainability change in a city. We present longitudinal participatory action research on the activities of a project......

Scientific Articles

Aarikka-Stenroos, Ranta (2019). Business catalysts for the Circular Economy innovations.

Alaranta, Turunen (2021). How to Reach a Safe Circular Economy?—Perspectives on Reconciling the Waste, Product and Chemicals Regulation.

Apostol, Mäkelä, Heikkilä, Höyssä, Kalliomäki, Jokinen, Saarni (2021). Triggering sustainability communication in a B2B context: combining action research and sensemaking.

Gonzales-Porras, Heikkinen, Kujala (2020). Understanding stakeholder influence: Lessons from a controversial megaproject.

Harala, Alkki, Aarikka-Stenroos, Al-Najjar, Malmqvist (2023). Industrial ecosystem renewal towards circularity to achieve the benefits of reuse – Learning from circular construction.

Ingstrup, Aarikka-Stenroos, Adlin (2020). When institutional logics meet: Alignment and misalignment in collaboration between academia and practitioners.

Kaipainen, Aarikka-Stenroos, Ranta (2020). Strategic Renewal Process towards Environmental Sustainability – A Longitudinal Case.

Kaipainen, Aarikka-Stenroos, Ritala (2021). Circular-Oriented Innovation for Solving Grand Environmental Challenges: A Multiple-case Study.

Kaipainen, Uusikartano, Aarikka-Stenroos, Harala, Alakerttula, Pohls (2021). Engaging Stakeholders to Circular Economy Ecosystems: A Process Model.

Kallio, Ermala, Seppänen (2020). Enabling 4P Collaboration: Multidisciplinary, Industrial-Scale Circular Economy Park.

Koistinen, Teerikangas, Mikkilä, Linnanen (2019). Active sustainability actors: A life course approach.

Koistinen, Teerikangas (2021). The Debate If Agents Matter vs. the System Matters in Sustainability Transitions—A Review of the Literature.

Kortetmäki, Heikkinen, Jokinen (2022). Particularizing Nonhuman Nature in Stakeholder Theory: The Recognition Approach.

Kujala, Sachs, Leinonen, Heikkinen, Laude (2022). Stakeholder engagement: Past, present, and future.

Lehtimäki, Jokinen, Pitkänen (2023). Project-based practices for promoting a sustainability transition in a city organization and its urban context.

Lehtimäki, Piispanen, Henttonen (2020). Strategic Decisions Related to Circular Business Model in a Forerunner Company: Challenges Due to Path Dependency and Lock-In.

Lehtimäki, Piispanen, Sengupta (2020). Social Entrepreneurship as a Cluster Concept: Is a Cricket Farming Start-Up a social enterprise?

Leppälä, Vornanen, Savinen (2023). Lifecycle extension of single-use medical device sensors: Case study of an engineering sustainability transition program.

Marjamaa, Mäkelä (2022). Images of the future of a circular economy: The case of Finland.

Mateo, Turunen, Alaranta (2022). Demand-Pull Instruments to Support the Circular Economy: A Global Perspective.

Mäkelä, Onkila (2023). Domination of Managerial and Technical Frames—How the Circular Economy Is Reported in Finnish Business.

Piispanen, Henttonen, Aromaa (2020). The role of drivers and adaptation factors in transferring business from linear to circular – Case Martela.

Piispanen, Henttonen, Aromaa (2020). Applying the circular economy to a business model: an illustrative case study of a pioneering energy company.

Piispanen, Suokas, Henttonen, Lehtimäki (2022). Sustainable Circular Economy in the Wood Construction Industry: A Business Opportunity Perspective.

Pitkänen, Lehtimäki, Jokinen (2023). Sustainability Project Champions as Environmental Leaders in a City Organization: Driving the Urban Circular Economy.

Ranta, Aarikka-Stenroos, Väisänen (2020). Digital technologies catalyzing business model innovation for circular economy – Multiple case study.

Ranta, Keränen, Aarikka-Stenroos (2020). How B2B suppliers articulate customer value propositions in the circular economy: Four innovation-driven value creation logics.

Sairanen, Aarikka-Stenroos, Kaipainen (2024). Customer-perceived value in the circular economy: A multidimensional framework.

Salminen, Marjamaa, Tapaninaho, Heikkinen,  Gonzalez-Porras, Kujala (2020). How do stakeholders understand sustainable circular economy – consesus or contradictions?

Sarja, Onkila, Mäkelä (2021). A systematic literature review of the transition to the circular economy in business organizations: Obstacles, catalysts and ambivalences.

Sarna, Onkila, Mäkelä (2021). Rationality, experiences or identity work? Sensemaking of emotionally tense experiences of organizational sustainability.

Sjöblom (2021). Communicating with brand names in the sustainable Finnish fashion industry.

Sjöblom, Virsi (2022). Recognition and interpretations of the Finnish word kiertotalous ’circular economy’ (in Finnish).

Teerikangas, Colman (2020). Theorizing in the qualitative study of mergers & acquisitions.

Turunen, Alaranta (2021). The Role of the CJEU in Shaping the Future of the Circular Economy.

Turunen, Suvantola, Romppanen (2021). Defined is half solved? The regulatory barriers for circular economy business.

Uusikartano (2019). Circular economy center: a concept for sustainable innovative constitutions.

Väisänen, Ranta, Aarikka-Stenroos (2019)Enabling Circular Economy with Software: A Multi-level Approach to Benefits, Requirements and Barriers.


Doctoral Theses

Nylén (2023). Theorizing Ideological Steering : The journey of the circular economy.

Tapaninaho (2022). Stakeholder value creation in the intersection of business and sustainability.



Kujala, Heikkinen, Blomberg (2023). Stakeholder Engagement in a Sustainable Circular Economy: Theoretical and Practical Perspectives.

Lehtimäki, Aarikka-Stenroos, Jokinen, A., Jokinen, P. (2023). The Routledge Handbook of Catalysts for a Sustainable Circular Economy.

Lehtimäki, Taylor, Galvão-Lyra (2024). Art and Sustainability Transitions in Business and Society: Theoretical Insights and Engagement.

Teerikangas, Onkila, Koistinen, Mäkelä (2021). Research handbook of sustainability agency.



Eltayeb (2019). Mapping and assessing technoloy catalysts that accelerate Circular Economy transition.

Harala (2021). Coopetition and Alignment in Circular Economy Ecosystems – Beverage Package Recycling System and Circular Economy Service Platform.

Kaipainen (2020). Strategic Renewal Process Towards Sustainability – An Ecosystem Approach.

Kämäräinen (2020.) Circular economy in Finland: Perceptions from the textile industry.

Minkkinen (2023). The leadership moment in circular start-ups.

Niemi (2019). Corporate social responsibility in private, public and third sector [Yritysvastuu yksityisellä, julkisella ja kolmannella sektorilla: Yritysvastuuasiantuntijoiden näkemyksiä yritysvastuun edistäjistä].

Paavilainen (2020). Inter-organizational collaboration in circular economy ecosystems.

Pohls (2020). Finnish textile ecosystem – circular economy drivers and barriers.

Saarinen (2021). Financial Drivers and Inhibitors of Circular Economy Business.

Sairanen (2022). Customer-Perceived Value and Its Components in Industrial Scale Circular Business Models – Comparison of Recycling and Reuse Settings Through a Multiple-Case Study.

Suokas (2019). Is circular economy the new black?

Uusikartano (2019). Circular Economy Center: Creating a General Concept for Circular Economy Constitutions.


Book Chapters

Mikkilä, Koistinen, Kuokkanen, Levänen, Linnanen (2020). Acceptability of operations.

Jokinen A., Uusikartano, Jokinen P., Kokko (2021). The interagency cycle in sustainability transition.

Kaipainen, Aarikka-Stenroos (2021). From vision to commercialization of a circular economy innovation: a longitudinal study of overcoming challenges throughout the full innovation process.

Kujala, J., Heikkinen, A., Tapaninaho, R., Marjamaa, M. & Gonzalez Porras, L. (2019). Stakeholder interests in a transition towards sustainable circular economy.

Leinonen, Blomberg (2022). Stakeholder engagement practices of companies in the context of a circular economy in Finland: A longitudinal study.

Levänen, Mikkilä, Koistinen, Kuokkanen, Linnanen (2020). Emerging Markets.

Mikkilä, Koistinen, Kuokkanen, Levänen, Linnanen (2020). Acceptability of Operations.

Piispanen, Peltola, Lehtimäki, Henttonen, Pitkänen (2021). Circular Economy Innovation in Waste Management: Employees as Sustainability Agents.

Sachs, Kujala (2021). Stakeholder Engagement in Management Studies: Current and Future Debates.

Tapaninaho, Kujala (2019). Stakeholder value creation: Legitimating business sustainability.

Valkjärvi, You (2021). The circular economy in manufacturing and service solutions: An air compressor company’s ‘air as a service’.


Engez, Aarikka-Stenroos, Kokko, A. Jokinen, P. Jokinen (2019). Smart City District as a Living Lab Platform in Sustainability Transition: Nutrient Recycling in Hiedanranta, Finland.

Kaipainen, Aarikka-Stenroos, Ritala (2021). Circular-Oriented Innovation for Solving Grand Environmental Challenges: A Multiple-case Study.

Kaipainen, Urbinati, Aarikka-Stenroos, Chiaroni (2022). Innovating for circularity: Bridging business model and supply chain design.

Kaipainen, Uusikartano, Aarikka-Stenroos, Harala, Alakerttula, Pohls (2021). Engaging Stakeholders to Circular Economy Ecosystems: A Process Model. 

Policy briefs

CICAT2025 policy brief #1 (pdf): Promoting a circular economy requires cross-silo collaboration

CICAT2025 policy brief #2 (pdf): Join the circular economy celebration!

CICAT2025 policy brief #3 (pdf): Circular economy as a success factor to cities

CICAT2025 policy brief #4 (pdf): The circular economy calls for smooth contractual practices

CICAT2025 policy brief #5 (pdf): Circular economy startups boost sustainable change and modernize the economy

Visual Catalysts exhibition

Visual Catalysts exhibition brought together artists around the world to use their creative visions for catalyzing our transition to a sustainable circular economy. The exhibition took place in Tampere September 25th – October 18th, 2020. Visual Catalysts is also a 3D virtual exhibition that can be experienced from home.

Read also the the Visual Catalyst book that includes the artists’ works and articles by researchers.

Photo: Phuong Hoang